Financial Ratios

Quick access to insights on your business customers


By leveraging our normalized data, our financial institutions can access auto-calculated metrics and ratios to assess the financial performance of their businesses. Forget the paperwork or manual entry — expanded financial ratios allow for quick access to insights on your business customers.

How it Works?

The /financialRatios endpoint gives Railz's customers the ability to generate insights and make better-informed decisions.

Railz currently provides the following financial ratios based on the normalized financial statements:

What ratios & metrics are available?

The following table lists which ratios and metrics are supported and what they mean.

Ratio / MetricDescription
Average Collection PeriodThe average collection period is the amount of time it takes for a business to receive payments owed by its customers in terms of accounts receivable (AR). Businesses use the average collection period to make sure they have enough cash on hand to meet their financial obligations.
Gross Burn RateThe gross burn rate is a business' operating expenses. It is calculated by summing all its operating expenses such as rent, salaries, and other overhead, and is often measured on a monthly basis. It also provides insight into a business's cost drivers and efficiency, regardless of revenue.
Inventory TurnoverThe inventory turnover ratio is the number of times a business has sold and replenished its inventory over a specific amount of time. The formula can also be used to calculate the number of days it will take to sell the inventory on hand.
Receivables TurnoverThe receivables turnover ratio is used to measure how effective a business is in extending credit as well as collecting debts. The receivables turnover ratio is an activity ratio, measuring how efficiently a firm uses its assets.
Payables TurnoverThe payables turnover ratio refers to the ability of a business to pay off its accounts payable by comparing net credit purchases to the average accounts payable during a period.
Asset TurnoverThe asset turnover ratio measures the efficiency with which a business uses its assets to produce sales.
Payables Conversion PeriodThe payables conversion cycle is a metric that expresses the time (measured in days) it takes for a business to convert its investments in inventory and other resources into cash flows from sales. It is used to measure how long each net input dollar is tied up in the production and sales process before it gets converted into cash received.
Accounts Payable Turnover RatioThe accounts payable turnover ratio is a short-term liquidity measure used to quantify the rate at which a business pays off its short-term debts. Accounts payable turnover shows how many times a business pays off its accounts payable during a period.
Average Days PayableDays payable outstanding is used to measure the average time (in days) that a business takes to pay its bills and invoices to its trade creditors.
Average Days Sales OutstandingDays sales outstanding is the average number of days taken by a business to collect payment from their customers after the completion of a sale.
Average Outstanding Payables BalanceThe average outstanding payables balance is the total money a company owes to suppliers who have extended credit to the company.
AR Turnover RatioThe accounts receivable turnover ratio is used to quantify how well a business is managing the credit that they extend to its customers by evaluating how long it takes to collect the outstanding debt throughout the accounting period.
Equity to Long-Term Material AssetsEquity / long-term assets are assets that are not expected to be converted to cash or be consumed within one year (or operating cycle) of the date shown in the heading of the balance sheet.
Short-term Debt to EquityCompares a business' short-term liabilities to its shareholder equity and can be used to evaluate how much leverage a business is using.
Debt to EquityThe debt to equity (D/E) ratio is used to indicate the relative proportion of shareholders' equity and debt used to finance a business's assets. It is calculated by dividing a business’s total liabilities by its shareholder equity.
Interest Coverage RatioThe interest coverage ratio is a debt and profitability ratio used to determine how easily a business can pay interest on its outstanding debt. It may be calculated as either EBIT or EBITDA divided by the total interest expense.
Debt to Asset RatioThe debt-to-asset ratio is a measure of the business assets that are financed by debt rather than equity.
Debt Service Coverage RatioThe Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR) is used to measure the ability of a business to use its operating income to repay all its debt obligations, including repayment of principal and interest on both short-term and long-term debt.
Interest Charges to Bank LoansInterest charges to bank loans are an amount of money loaned at interest by a bank to a borrower, usually on collateral security, for a certain period of time.
Leverage IndexThe leverage index is a ratio that measures the proportion of a business' debt compared to its equity which is used to make money and produce income. It is a gauge used to determine how good or bad a business is utilizing its debts
Quick RatioThe quick ratio (also referred to as the acid test ratio) is used to measure a business's ability to pay down its current liabilities with its most liquid assets.
Absolute LiquidityThe absolute liquidity ratio measures the total liquidity available to the business. This ratio only considers marketable securities and cash available to the business.
Current RatioThe current ratio measures a business's ability to pay short-term obligations or those due within one year.
Gross BurnGross burn is a calculation of outgoing cash, combining all of your monthly expenses as found on your income statement to determine your burn rate.
RunwayRunway refers to the amount of time a business has before it runs out of cash. The runway is calculated by dividing the total cash into the founder's bank accounts by the Net Burn.
Cash RatioThe cash ratio is a metric that indicates a business's capacity to pay off short-term debt obligations with its cash and cash equivalents. Only cash and cash equivalents are used in the calculation.
Cashflow Coverage RatioThe cash flow coverage ratio is a measure of the business's operating cash flow in relation to its debt servicing costs.
Free Cashflow RatioThe free cash flow ratio is used to calculate how much more cash a business generates than it uses to run and expand the business by subtracting the capital expenditures from the operating cash flow. It is the excess money a business produces after it pays all of its operating expenses and CAPEX.
Debt to Enterprise ValueThe debt to enterprise value (D/EV) ratio is used to indicate how leveraged the business is relative to its value.
Return on AssetsReturn on assets is used to measure the profitability of a business in relation to its total assets. This ratio indicates how well or poorly a business is performing by comparing the profit (net income) it’s generating to the capital it’s invested in assets. The higher the return, the more productive and efficient management is in utilizing economic resources.
EBITDAEBITDA stands for Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization. It is a metric used to evaluate a business' operating performance.
EBITDA marginThe EBITDA margin is a measure of a business' operating profit as a percentage of its revenue, which allows for a comparison of one business' real performance to others in its industry.
Working CapitalWorking capital assesses a business's ability to pay its current liabilities with its current assets, providing an indication of the subject’s short-term financial health, capacity to clear its debts within a year, and operational efficiency.
Free Cash FlowFree cash flow is the cash a business generates after a business pays for its operating expenses and capital expenditures (CapEx).
Gross MarginGross margin is the net sales less the cost of goods sold (COGS). It is the amount of money a business retains after incurring the direct costs associated with producing the goods it sells and the services it provides.
Net Profit MarginThe net profit margin is used to calculate the percentage of profit a business produces from its total revenue. It measures the amount of net profit a business obtains per dollar of revenue gained. The net profit margin is equal to the net income divided by the total revenue
Operating MarginThe operating margin measures how much profit a business makes on a dollar of sales after paying for variable costs of production before paying interest or tax. It is calculated by dividing a business' operating income by its net sales. Higher ratios are generally better, illustrating the business is efficient in its operations and is good at turning sales into profits.
Return on EquityThe return on equity is a measure of the profitability of a business in relation to the equity, it is considered a gauge of how efficient it is in generating profits. It is calculated by dividing net income by shareholders' equity.
Revenue ConcentrationRevenue concentration is a measure of how total revenue is distributed among your customer base. A business serving a large number of small-volume customers has a lower customer concentration than a business where a handful of large customers account for the majority of its business.
Total Accruals to Total AssetsTotal assets to total accruals is a ratio that can be used to evaluate the quality of total revenue by calculating the change in working capital (other than cash) and less depreciation relative to total assets.
Gross Margin IndexThe Gross Margin Index is a metric that can be used to judge whether a business's profitability and pricing power is rising or falling. It is calculated as the ratio of last year's Gross Margin versus this year's Gross Margin.
Sales Growth IndexThe Sales Growth Index measures the extent to which sales are growing year over year. An index value greater than 1 represents growth in sales.
Sales, General, and Administrative Expenses IndexSelling, General & Administrative expenses (SG&A) include all everyday operating expenses of running a business that is not included in the production of goods or delivery of services.
Days Sales in Receivables IndexThe Days' Sales in Receivables Index can be used to measure trends in the earnings quality of a business. If the index value is greater than 1, it indicates that receivables are higher this year compared to last year.
Asset Quality IndexThe term asset quality index is used to compare the allocation of capital between current assets and fixed assets and can be used to determine if a business is shifting operating expenses to capital.


See the Financial Ratios data model and API documentation for more details.


Missing Financial Ratios?

  • Some financial ratios might not always be available or returned for a business. For example, the current ratio is computed using the formula Current Assets/Current Liabilities. If a business does not have any accounts which are considered Current Assets, that ratio will be missing from the data set.
  • Financial ratios are calculated based on our normalized financial statements (balance sheet, income statement and cashflow statement).
  • A missing financial statement for a reporting period (e.g. due to no cashflow activity during that period), will result in an incomplete set of financial ratios